Chinese Name: 困鹿山普洱茶
English Name:Kunlu Tea Mountain in Ninger County, Puer
Chinese Pinying: Kunlushan Puer Cha
Keywords: Wenshanding Tea Plantation, Puer Tea, Ancient tea tree
Location: Ninger Hani Autonomous County, Pu’er City, Yunnan Province
Admission Fee: Free
Opening hours: All day
Best Time To Visit: All year
About The Kunlushan Mountain
The Kunlushan Mountain is a remnant of Wuliang Mountain. It is affiliated to Kunlushan Natural Village, Ninglang Town, Ninglang Town, Ninglang County , Yunnan Province . It is located 31 kilometers north of Pu’er County, between 1410 meters and 2271 meters above sea level. The central section extends over a dozen miles from north to south, and is wide and wide. The peaks of the mountains are stacked, the ancient trees are towering, and the highest peak is 2271 meters above sea level. The Kunlushan ancient tea tree community spans Fengyang and Jiangbian two townships, with a total area of 10,122 mu. Among them, there are 1939 mu in the Xiulong Mountain of Ninglang Town, which is a virgin forest formed by semi-cultivated tea tree community and broad-leaved forest. Because there is thousands of acres of ancient tea gardens for thousands of years, it is known as the “tea museum” and passed down to the royal tea garden of the Qing Dynasty. The No. 3 tea tree in Kunlushan Mountain has a DBH of 2.53 meters and a tree height of about 25 meters. It is the most well-preserved and the biggest cultivated ancient tea tree discovered by the famous Taiwanese tea merchant Huang Chuanfang. It has been funded by famous actor Zhang Guoli. 10,000 yuan for lifelong adoption.
The Kunlushan Mountain is also the watershed of the Lancang River and the Red River. The Kunlushan Mountain has attracted the attention of the world.
Tea garden was discovered
In the area of Ninglang County, Pu’er City, there is a long history of planting tea and drinking tea. The tea culture is profound and the tea resources are extremely rich. It is located in the Kunlushan Mountain of Ninglang County and Jinggu County. The mountains are high and the mountains are covered with clouds and the rain is abundant. Among the ancient tea trees, there are many ancient trees that have been preserved for many years and it is also one of the only remaining virgin forests in Pu’er. The total area of the Kunlushan Mountain ancient tea tree community is 10,122 mu. The land spans Fengyang and the two townships. The Lushan ancient tea garden is divided into four parts: east, south, west and north. There are also large-scale artificial cultivation and transitional ancient tea resources in Bianxiang and Dawn Township.
In November 2004, December 2005, and April 2006, a number of experts from the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and other organizations organized three key scientific investigations on the Kunlushan Mountain tea tree community, and made an argument: “The Kunlushan Mountain cultivated tea tree has a history of at least 400 years; its semi-cultivated (transitional) tea tree has been more than 1,000 years old.” Once again, it is proved that the Kunlushan Mountain is in the center of the origin of the tea plant. This is the 1939-mu semi-cultivated (transitional) tea tree community found in the Kunlushan Mountain in 1986. The Kunlushan Mountain, which has faded out of the rivers and lakes for nearly 300 years, has re-entered people’s vision.
As Pu’er tea continues to heat up, more and more people of insight have shaken off the historical prejudice and experience and understand the Kunlushan Mountain along the ancient tea-horse road. The Kunlushan Mountain is a remnant of the Wuliang Mountain, and it is under the jurisdiction of Ninglang (formerly Pu’er) County. Between 1410 and 2271 meters above sea level, the peaks of the mountains are stacked, the ancient trees are towering, and the ancient tea tree community of Lushan is across Fengyang and the two townships, with a total area of over 10,000 mu. The Kunlushan Mountain Range is the same as the ancient tea tree community in Jinggu and Zhenyuan counties. The ancient tea tree community totals more than 30,000 mu.
According to the “World birthplace of tea, tea are” records, Shen Nong discovered trapped Kunlushan in Pu’er, training of a wild tea. According to Shennong’s medicine in the mountains, after taste of a poisonous grass, his mouth was dry and dizzy, so when he rested against the big tree, a breeze blew and the green leaves on the tree fell. Shennong took the green leaf home and carefully observed it, found its drinking and medicinal value, and planted it on the Kunlushan Mountain, thus leaving a large piece of ancient tea garden.
According to experts’ research, the Kunlushan Royal Ancient Tea Garden has been designated by the Qing government as a royal tea garden for more than 200 years (that is, the Qing Dynasty was seven years old in 1729). At that time, Yunnan Governor E’ertai established a tribute tea factory in Ninglang Town, Pu’er Prefecture. The best spring bud mountain tai girl tea was selected in the same year, and it was made into a brick and tea paste. The Pu’er tea was become the only tribute court tea product , the Pu’er tea in Yunnan was famouse in one night and it became the new darling of the tribute court tea products.
“Pu’er tea is famous all over the world, the taste is the most drunk, and it is especially heavy in Jingshi”, and there is also a court talk about “Summer Drinking Longjing, Winter Drinking Pu’er”.
At that time, every spring, the government sent troops to the mountains to supervise the picking and production of spring tea. All the pressed teas were delivered to the capital, and as the tribute to the court, and ordinary people simply could not drink the good spring tea here, and the Kunlushan large ancient tea garden became the royal royal tea garden.
The history of the Kunlushan ancient tea has always been secret, but it was only that Yunnan produced very few tribute teas, which could not meet the needs of the palace aristocracies, and could not enter the ordinary people’s family. Every year when spring tea is picked, it is the official government to send soldiers to guard the system. It is extremely confidential and naturally and it does not appear in historical records. Therefore, this mysterious ancient tea garden has also added a mysterious color to the world.
The transitional ancient teas in the ancient tea garden are mixed with large, medium and small leaf species, and the fragrance is unique. This tea can be called “Ya” in the three major tea areas of Yunnan. The tea is elegant, sharp, long-lasting and long. The entrance of the new tea is slightly bitter, and sweet, and then all are sweet. It is rich and thick, the throat is sweet and long-lasting, and the gas is uplifted and solid.
What to see in Kunlushan
Ancient tea in the village
In the Kunlushan, the ancient tea tree is planted in the front and back of people’s houses. It can be said that people are in tea and tea is in people. The ancient tea tree is inhabited by 13 families in the next generation. Only 372 ancient tea trees have been found around the houses where the 13 families live. The age of the trees is about several hundred years. In the village, the villagers have adopted the protection method of adopting old trees. The villagers living near the Kunlushan ancient tea garden who have adopted several ancient tea trees, ranging from 4 to more than 20 trees. They are engaged in farming work every day. Put some of your energy into ancient tea picking and simple management. And people think that“We take care of the ancient tea trees that we have adopted, and these trees are valuable things.”
Grabbed some ancient tea picked from a hundred-year-old tea tree and placed it in a clay pot in front of the fire pond. The amber tea was in the stone pottery. Local people usually drink tea every day. A day is only a cup of tea is baked in a clay pot. After drinking it, put the leftover tea on the fire and bake it again, then continue the water. The taste of repeated brewing tea is still very strong.
It is understood that these ancient tea trees are precious and precious. Ancient tree tea, which can produce 300-400 kilograms of dried hair tea per year, is very popular in the market.
How to Get to Kunlushan
First, people need to go to Ninger County.
1. By Air
There are no airports in Ninger County. Visitors can take a plane to Simao District, Puer, then take a long-distance bus to Ninger County.
2. By Train
Pu’er Railway Station is the middle station of the Yumo Railway under construction and an important station for the Laos section of the Trans-Asian Railway. It is expected to be put into use by 2020.
3. By Long-distance Bus
There is the Passenger Station in Ninger County forpeople to get in.
People can take taxi and rent the car to get to the Kunlushan Mountain.
Best time to visit
It is suitable to visit Ninger County all year round. Like many other cities in Yunnan, Ninger is a place where the seasons are like spring. There is no cold, no heat, warm and humid, especially suitable for human habitation, so you can go to Ninger at any time.
When you traveling Pu’er, Ninger County is a good place to be put on your list. It can be joined in whatever your Pu’er tour or Yunnan Tour.
Where to Stay in Ninger County
Ninger County is a county under the jurisdiction of Pu’er City, Yunnan Province, China. There are many hotels around Ninger County. Yunnan Exploration will provide the best hotels for you. The recommended hotels are as follows:
1. Ninger Qingshuiwan Vocational Hotel (宁洱清水湾度假酒店）
Add: No.2 Tuanjie Road, Ninger Town, Ninger County
2. Ninger Gold Peacock Hotel (宁洱金孔雀大酒店)
Add: No.357 Dongshan Road, Ninger County
3. Mancheng Commercial Hotel (曼城商务酒店)
Addr: Puer Ancient Town, Tianbi Road, Ninger County
4. Ninger Budget Hotel (宁洱快捷酒店）
Add: In the Intersection of Longyuan Road and Binhe Road, Ninger County
5. Ninger Tongcheng Boutique Hotel(宁洱同城精品酒店)
Add: Tourist Center in Ninger Highway, Ninger County
6. Puer Shihong Hotel (宁洱实宏宾馆)
Add: Minzu Street, Ninger County
7. Chaxiang Inn (茶香客栈）
Add: Bo.76, Dongshan Rod of Ninger County
1.There are many ethnic minorities living here, such as Lahu, Hani, Wa and Yi. Varied customs make it a colorful city. Eating habits, ceremonies, costumes and folk legends can all be a strong attraction for people who are visiting. In addition, the city is the hometown of the well known Puer Tea, and the local people have diversified ways of handling tea, such as bamboo tube tea, cold tea dish, earth-pot tea and baked tea; all of which you should try.
2.Enjoying a plateau monsoon climate at low latitude, the region is affected by the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. Therefore, the main features of its weather are mildness and humidity without strong winds.
3.Special Local Products: Puer Tea, bamboo shoot, edible fungi, purple rice, mango.