Chinese Name: 景谷茶区
English Name: Jinggu Tea Plantations in Jinggu County, Puer
Chinese Pinying: Jing Gu Cha Qu
Location: Jinggu County, Pu’er City, Yunnan Province
Keywords: Tea, Ancient Tea Tree, Tea Mountain
Admission Fee: Free
Opening hours: All day
Best Time To Visit: All year
Jinggu County is called “勐卧”, the proverb “勐” is the place; “卧” is the well, meaning the place with the salt well. Known as “Linhai Pearl, Mango Town, Buddhist Holy Land”. It is located in the central part of Pu’er City, with a total area of 7777 square kilometers.
Where is the Jinggu tea area
Jinggu County is located in the southwestern part of the Wuliang Mountain in the Hengduan Mountains. It is one of the most distributed areas of arbors and old tea trees in Yunnan. It is also one of the oldest growing areas of Yunnan tea trees. (In 1978, the only wide leaf magnolia fossil area in China was discovered on the Jinggu Mang Line. It is recognized as the ancestor of modern tea trees with 35.4 million years old. Geological paleontology called “Jinggu” as “the distribution of flora in the Tertiary ” and is the only place that has not been affected by Quaternary glaciers.
Forest resources are the most advantageous resources in Jinggu. The county’s forestry land is 8.749 million mu, accounting for 77.5% of the total area. The per capita forestry land is 30 mu, which is three times that of the province and 10 times that of the national average. The forest coverage rate is up to 10 times. 74.7%, more than five times the national forest coverage; the total stock of standing timber reached 55.146 million cubic meters, with 193 cubic meters per capita, five times the per capita of the province, 23 times the national average. There are many species, and the mountains are dense and dense, and most of them are in the original growth state. Therefore, it is called “Linhai Pearl”. There are many species, and the mountains are dense and abundant, and most of them are in the original growth state.Therefore, it is called “Pearl in the forest”.
The source of tea ancestors
Ancient Mulan is the source of angiosperms. In taxonomy, ancient Mulan is the ancestor of Camellia, Camellia, Camellia and tea. There are only two kinds of magnolia fossils in China. One is broad-leaved magnolia (new species), which is only produced in Jinggu, Pu’er City, Yunnan Province. The era is the Late Tertiary of the Tertiary. The second is the Chinese Mulan, which is produced in Jinggu County, Pu’er City. County, Jingdong County; Linyuan County and Linyi County of Linyi City; Tengchong County of Baoshan City; Lianghe County of Dehong Prefecture, a total of 7 counties. The Chinese Magnolia is wider than the broad leaf magnolia, and the era is the Late Tertiary Miocene.
The tea tree originated from the Tertiary broad-leaved magnolia, and Jinggu County of Pu’er City was the only place where the broad-leaved magnolia fossils were found. It has been determined that fossils are about 35.4 million years old. According to reports, the broad-leaved magnolia fossils found in Jinggu, large leaf shape, obovate, 6.4-11 cm long, 3.4-5 cm wide, missing at the top, but pure round from the contour of the leaf shape, wedge-shaped at the base shrinkage. It was analyzed by geological paleontologists and concluded that the ancient tea tree that survived today is the descendant of Magnolia. Therefore, Jinggu is also known as the “hometown of tea ancestors”.
History of Kuzhu Mountain Tea Plantation
Kuzhu Mountain is located in the northeast of Jinggu Township Government of Jinggu County. It is 12 kilometers away from the township government and 2,200 meters above sea level. The temperature in the four seasons is peaceful and the rainfall is abundant. The annual average temperature is 17.5 degrees. Jinggu Township has a long history of planting, producing and operating tea. According to legend, after Shennong tasted the poisoning herb, then he passed the Pu’er to the virgin forest, at the foot of the Dashi Temple in Jinggu, he finnally got the development of toxicity but grabbed a green leaf to chew it. He suddenly felt comfortable and refreshed. Shennong discovered that this wild leaf can have such a magical effect, so the local people transplanted and cultivated it. This wild leaves can be eat, be safe, and then people named it “tea.”
Legend is only a manifestation of a good wish of the people. However, the long history of planting tea in Xiaojinggu Township is an indisputable fact. According to historical records, as early as in the Xianfeng period, the people of Jinggu Town (now Jinggu Township) planted tea for self-sufficiency in the areas of Kuzhu Mountain and Malu Mountain. Today, the cultivated ancient tea garden that lives in Kuzhushan has an area of about 1,500 mu, and it is scattered in the mixed forests. Historically, tea farmers have been picking, using, processing and selling all the time. Kuzhu Mountain is one of the origins of the famous Ancieent Puer Tea. The existing artificially cultivated ancient tea tree community has the largest diameter of the bowl, the largest one is about 0.5 meters in diameter, the tree height is 4.4 meters, and the tree age is about 160 years.
Characteristics of Jinggu Kuzhu Mountain Pu’er Tea
This tea is high in fragrant, sweet and soft, and smooth in sugar. It is similar to Yiwu tea.
Although the tea of Kuzhu Mountain has the aroma of Jingmai, it is not as good as Jingmai. The tea is not as strong as Bulang Tea. This is the weakness of Kuzhushan. It can also be said that it is an advantage because it is compatible with the advantages of these two teas.
The common characteristics of arbor tea in Jinggu tea area are: the bud head is relatively strong, the strip is long, it is velvety, the tea soup is bitter and sweet, and the bitterness is obvious. The bottom of the cup is fragrant, the wild smelling is good, then the sweet turns back, and the soup is full.
The characteristics of tea products
First, the number is large, and the distribution is wide. The Wentang, Wenxing, Wenshan, Wenlian, Wenzhao, Yingpan villages and most of the natural villages in Jinggu Township have ancient tea gardens. The ancient tea gardens are planted in pieces, with high density and high yield.
Second, the ecological situation is good. The Jinggu tea area has not undergone by the large-scale tea garden transformation. The ancient tea trees are basically grown naturally in arbor trees, and have not been dwarfed.
Third, the tree is older. Jinggu has a history of various teas earlier, but the largest amount of existing tea should be formed after the promotion of planting in the Qing Dynasty (the Qing Dynasty official residence). Many of these ancient tea trees are large trees with a diameter of more than 10 cm.
Fourth, the tea is better. Affected by natural conditions, tree age and ecological status, the Jinggu tea area is more fragrant, with long strips and velvet hair. The tea soup is bitter and sweet, and the bitterness is obvious. The bottom of the cup is fragrant and the mountainous smelling is good.
Fifthly, there is almost no problem of using tea from the terraced tea to mix old (old to big) tea on the tea mountain. There are also some terraced tea plants on the tea mountain, but all the white tea is planted. The purchase price of the large white tea per kilogram is higher than that of the old one. Old change into large is high, so people do not use large white tea (Taiwan tea) to mix old tree tea.
How to Get to Jinggu Tea Plantations
1. By Air
The Jinggu General Airport Construction Project was officially launched on November 24, 2017. The project is the national A1 general airport construction project of the 13th Five-Year Plan of Yunnan Province, the “Wuwang” construction project of Yunnan Province. The airport is located in the west of Jinggu County, 7.5 kilometers away from the seat of Jinggu County.
2. By Train
Pu’er Railway Station is the middle station of the Yumo Railway under construction and an important station for the Laos section of the Trans-Asian Railway. It is expected to be put into use by 2020.
3. By Long-distance Bus
There is the Passenger Station in Jinggu County for people to get in.
4.Jinggu– Jinggu Tea Plantations
Take the taxi or rent a car to go to the Jinggu Tea Plantations.
Where to Stay in Jinggu County
Jinggu County is a county under the jurisdiction of Pu’er City, Yunnan Province, China. There are many hotels around Jinggu County. Yunnan Exploration will provide the best hotels for you. The recommended hotels as follows:
1. Jinggu Weiyuanjiang International Hotel(景谷威远江国际大酒店)
Add: No.18 of Eastern Binghe Road, Jinggu County(景谷县滨河东路18号)
2. Haitian Hotel(海天酒店)
Add: No.23 of Wenming Road, Jinggu County(景谷县文明路23号)
3. Weijiangyuan Hotel(威江园酒店)
Add: No.88 of Mangxiang Avenue, Jinggu County(景谷县芒乡大道88号)
Best Time to Visit
It is suitable to visit Jinggu County all year round. Like many other cities in Yunnan, Jinggu is a place where the seasons are like spring. There is no cold, no heat, warm and humid, especially suitable for human habitation, so you can go to Jinggu at any time.
When you traveling Pu’er, Jinggu County is a good place to be put on your list. It can be joined in whatever your Pu’er tour or Yunnan Tour.
1.There are many ethnic minorities living here, such as Lahu, Hani, Wa and Yi. Varied customs make it a colorful city. Eating habits, ceremonies, costumes and folk legends can all be a strong attraction for people who are visiting. In addition, the city is the hometown of the well known Puer Tea, and the local people have diversified ways of handling tea, such as bamboo tube tea, cold tea dish, earth-pot tea and baked tea; all of which you should try.
2.Enjoying a plateau monsoon climate at low latitude, the region is affected by the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. Therefore, the main features of its weather are mildness and humidity without strong winds.
3.Special Local Products: Puer Tea, bamboo shoot, edible fungi, purple rice, mango.
The Location Map of Jinggu Tea Plantations in Jinggu County, Puer