Chinese Name: 勐库西半山之小户赛古茶园
Chinese Pinyin: Mengku Xibanshan Xiaohusai Gucha Yuan
English Name: Xiaohusai Tea Plantation in Shuangjiang County, Lincang
Plan your Lincang Ethnic Villages Tour to Lincang? Visit Xiaohusai Village and Tea Plantation in Shuangjiang County, Lincang which is one of the most fascinating ethnic villages in Lincang. Explore the local folk ethnic culture including History, Food and Dining, Clothing, Customs and Traditions, Architecture, Festivals, Crafts, Religion, Language of local ethnic people in Xiaohusai Village and Tea Plantation in Shuangjiang County, Lincang.
Xiaohusai Village（小户赛自然村） is subordinate to Gongnong village committee(公弄村委会） of Mengku town（勐库镇）, Shuangjiang’s autonomous county for Lahu wa Blang and Dai ethnic minorities in Lincang city of Yunnan province,（临沧市双江拉祜族佤族布朗族傣族自治县）and it is in the mountain area. Xiaohusai（小户赛）lies in the north of Mengku town,（勐库镇） which is about 18 kilometers apart from each other and 4 kilometers distant from Gongnong village committee.（公弄村委会）Xiaohusai belongs to Gongnong village committee of Mengku town.（勐库公弄委员会）And Gongnong（公弄） is located in a small mountain chain of Bangma big snow mountain（邦龙大雪山）which extends to Mengku dam.（勐库坝）Actually, Xiaohusai is well-known by itself.
Xiaohusai consists of three stockades: one stockade for Han nationality and two for Lahu ethnic minorities.（拉祜族）Those three stockades situated in a row on the halfway up the Bangma big snow mountain’s（邦马大雪山）main peak. The Han stockade is one meter from the two Lahus.（两个拉祜族寨） The peak behind Xiaohusai is Bangma big snow mountain（邦马大雪山）, on which is the largest concentration of wild ancient tea tree. The straight line distance from Xiaohusai to the king of wild tea tree is much more closer than from Dahusai.（大户赛）But the hills behind Xiaohusai are steeper, and harder to climb. Generally speaking, people who want to see the wild tee tree of Bangma big snow mountain（邦马大雪山）often walk along Dahusai.（大户赛）
Xiaohusai Puer Tea
The most typical and objective ancient tea tree is in Xiaohusai. Looking around here, the tree with a girth over one meter can be seen everywhere, maybe in front of the house or on the slope. The centuries-old tea-planting history of Shuangjiang county（双江县）showed vividly here.
Xiaohusai is populated largely by Lahu ethnic minority,（拉祜族）and makes up 70% of the total population. Lahu people（拉祜人）lives at Liangzi and Wazi stockade（梁子寨和洼子寨）, those two stockades are so close to each other, and it has the largest area and the most age-old ancient tea garden here. The ancient tea garden of Liangzi stockade（梁子寨）is best-preserved in Mengku town（勐库镇）or in Shuagjiang county.（双江县）Those trees with the girth over one meter and the height over 5 meters are at least covered areas over 300 acres. Besides, more than ten ancient tea trees’ girth are over 1.5 meters. The tree spreads widely with its root twists and the branches circles, this kind of morphology can’t be formed within 200 or 300 years. So it must be planted in Ming dynasty or at an earlier time. Although Xiaohusai lacks of access to transportation, it still has the largest area of ancient tea garden.
Liangzi stockade（梁子寨）is a distinctive ancient tea village, almost every family has planted the tea trees. The green and leafy tea trees gather around the rows of houses, so you can’t tell whether the stockade was built in the tea grove or the tree planted in the stockade. Lahu people （拉祜人）works with the fragrance of tea during the day, and falls asleep with the tea aroma at night. They enjoys the blessing of the tea and gets paid by selling tea every year.
The other big tree garden of Xiaohusai is near Chashanhe.（茶山河）And there is a three-kilometer long ancient path from Liangzi stockade（梁子寨） to Chashanhe,（茶山河） and the fields on both sides are full of tea. The tea garden along the path was planted from 1958, and some from the Republic period. The tea trees which planted in Republic period had very thick trunk like the rim of a bowl, but those trees had been dwarfed. The thick and short stump sprouts out flourishing buds and leaves, and the tight velvet buds attracts people’s admiration at first sight. The upper tea garden has been connected to the virgin forest, and the lower to the edge of the paddy field at the foot of the hill. There are many old tea trees along Chashanhe’s（茶山河）earth ridge, which encircled by the abandoned trees and wild rattans. So people can’t go inside for tea plucking.
Translated By Li Yongmei/李永梅